What is an alcoholic? How to treat alcoholism

Alcoholism and alcohol abuse can also have an impact on your family, friends and the people you work with. A number of research studies have been conducted recently to determine how many years alcohol typically takes off a person’s life expectancy. In one study, which examined people with and without alcohol use disorder from 1987 to 2006, it was discovered that life expectancy sober house was 24 to 28 years shorter in alcoholics. The study also found that people with alcohol use disorder had higher mortality rates from all causes of death, all medical conditions and diseases, and suicide. Alcoholism is one of the most common forms of substance abuse in America, and worldwide. An alcoholic will rarely stop drinking and stay sober without outside help.

If you feel like your drinking problem is chronic but your life isn’t falling apart, don’t continue down this dangerous path. This disease is progressive, and your health will eventually bear the brunt. Additionally, the DSM 5 journal indicates 11 diagnostic criteria for determining the presence of an alcohol use disorder.

Urine and blood tests

The first step toward recovery is to acknowledge that there is an alcohol dependency problem. The counselor may be able to assist in any immediate assessment or may be at least able to talk to the client immediately. Even if the EAP counselor is unable to see the employee immediately, EAP personnel should be informed of the situation.

Tolerance means that, over time, you need more and more alcohol to feel the same effects. FASDs and other alcohol-related health conditions happen when you drink during pregnancy. Research is still being done to find out if alcohol harms a man’s sperm before a woman gets pregnant. However, once the cirrhosis and its complications develop, which can include fluid accumulation in the abdomen and bleeding in the digestive tract, the prognosis is much worse. In fact, only about half of the individuals experiencing these complications will live for another five years after their diagnosis.

The Stages of Alcoholism: Recognizing the Signs

Strong cravings for alcohol are typical at this stage, and drinking isn’t just for enjoyment anymore. Because the body has adapted to deal with an alcohol-rich environment, the alcoholic physically needs it to avoid the painful symptoms of withdrawal. End-stage alcoholism is also known as the final stage of alcoholism. Serious health and quality of life issues are common at this stage due to years of heavy alcohol consumption.

  • Drinking heavily, even once, places a person at risk of a number of negative health outcomes in the short term.
  • For those who need help and don’t want it, intervention may be the only alternative.
  • The threat of the loss of a job is often the push the alcoholic needs to enter treatment.
  • If you can identify these changes in yourself or others, it is possible to find help and support through the alcohol rehab at Clean Recovery Centers.

The EAP counselor will also monitor the employee’s progress and will provide follow-up counseling if needed. Not any one of these signs means that an employee is an alcoholic. However, when there are performance and conduct problems coupled with any number of these signs, it is time to make a referral to the EAP for an assessment so that the employee can get help if it is needed. Alcohol-related disorders severely impair functioning and health.

What Are the 4 Stages of Alcoholism?

Experiencing repeated legal problems on account of your drinking. For example, getting arrested for driving under the influence or for drunk and disorderly conduct. Repeatedly neglecting your responsibilities at home, work, or school because of your drinking. For example, performing poorly at work, flunking classes, neglecting your kids, or skipping out on commitments because you’re hung over. As Chief Financial and Legal Officer, Mrs. Clark is responsible for all financial planning, reporting and treasury functions. She brings 10 years of legal experience to AMS, beginning her career with Buchanan, Ingersoll & Rooney, LLP, where she practiced corporate law.

She started to further her knowledge in the Utilization Review Department in 2013. In 2017 she became the Director of Utilization Review Services where she is the liaison between the patient and the insurance company to ensure the best level of care is authorized. In 2019 Jace moved to the Intake Department to assume the Lead LVN role. 23 years ago Jack dedicated his life to helping others learn a new way of living free of active addiction.

Alcohol-Related Liver Disease

Babies with FASD have lower body weight, heart and kidney problems, and abnormal facial features. They may also have uncoordinated movements, hyperactivity, difficulty paying attention and retaining information, and speech and language delays. As an in-network facility, we are able and committed to helping you find the life you deserve. If a health worker suspect alcohol may be a problem, they may ask a series of questions. If the patient answers in a certain way, the doctor may then use a standardized questionnaire to find out more.

in which stage of alcoholism does the drinker face serious health problems?

The same line of thinking applies to engaging in drinking that harms your home, school, and work lives. For example, if drinking is becoming a priority and a requirement for most social events, or when you leave the house, there may be a problem. In other cases, alcohol may slow the body’s ability to break down and get rid of some harmful chemicals.

This can mean drinking more frequently, as well as drinking larger quantities of alcohol. Binge drinking, which involves having multiple drinks within a small window, is a common initial sign of a drinking problem. A BAC of 0.09% to 0.25% causes lethargy, sedation, balance problems and blurred vision. A BAC of 0.18% to 0.30% causes profound confusion, impaired speech (e.g. slurred speech), staggering, dizziness and vomiting. A BAC from 0.25% to 0.40% causes stupor, unconsciousness, anterograde amnesia, vomiting (death may occur due to inhalation of vomit while unconscious) and respiratory depression (potentially life-threatening).

Steve Jano Author